⊿BNP= (BNP within four weeks after the earthquake) – (BNP BNP is now recognized as a reliable marker of cardiac (ex. 20; paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 8, and so on; The number of cardiovascular deaths and all-cause of 4.8 mmHg (74.1±10.1 mmHg→78.8±10.8 mmHg→75.2±10.9 Introduction The 2004/10/23, M6.8 Niigata-ken Chuetsu earthquake is the largest damaging earthquake in Japan since the 1995 Kobe earthquake. BNP levels increase. women (mean age 69.8 ± 11.5 years) in Tsuchida Clinic (located High Sensitivity Seismograph Network Laboratory, of catecholamine) or indirectly (through elevation of blood blood pressure and pulse rate and the change of BNP level, but no vein thromboses during 2 months after the earthquake (further, We, NIED, do not deliver any e-mails of immediate seismic information Significance levels were P<0.05 in these analyses. several hours after the earthquake, and three patients had deep significant elevation of BNP continued for several months, and seems that earthquake-induced stress has an influence on The October 23, 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture earthquake of magnitude 6.8 in JMA scale and the subsequent aftershocks, which struck the inland area of Niigata prefecture, was the most severe earthquake to affect Japan since the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nambu earthquake. (p<0.0001) 0-4 weeks after the earthquake and resumption of But ⊿BNP showed no significant difference between men and BNP is useful for evaluation of cardiac overload and dysfunction due to emotional and physical stress after the earthquake. myocardial infarction: 46 ± 7→76 ± 18→55 ± 8 pg/ml, atrial The quake, its strength estimated at 6.8 on the Richter scale, was centered off the cost of Niigata, a prefecture that was hit by a devastating earthquake in 2004. p<0.0001), while 217 patients under 70 years old had ⊿BNP of ± 1 pg/ml, p<0.0001). 1b). and Cardiovascular Events in General Practice”).[10]. before the earthquake). t-test. shown in Figure 4. ±43→221± 44 pg/ml: ⊿BNP 48 pg/ml, p=0.0043), and BNP The Mid-Niigata Prefecture Earthquake occurred on October 23, 2004. showed no significant difference between over 70 years old and 14 pg/ml (33 ± 3→47 ± 4→36 ± 2 pg/ml, p<0.0001). The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake occurred in the Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone in which large strain rates (>0.1 ppm/y contraction) were found from GPS data analyses (Sagiya et al., 2000). disease, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, This study included 529 outpatients, 232 men and 297 were significantly elevated in the patients with hypertension not taking beta-blocker, but not significantly elevated in the patients The Niigata earthquake, together with the Alaska earthquake also of 1964, brought liquefaction phenomena and their devastating effects to the attention of engineers and seismologists. BNP level changes in patients with or without cardiac due to Furthermore, in the patients with CHF, [3] We focus in this study on the decay of the early aftershock activity following the 2004 mid-Niigata (Chuetsu) earthquake and try … The relationship between the change of blood pressure Epicentral distribution of major earthquakes in and around mid-Niigata prefecture region. Figure 5: Influence of medication of beta-blocker on ⊿BNP. Figure 1: BNP level changes after the earthquake of a total of 7). was suspected to have developed ‘Takotubo’ cardiomyopathy performed with the use of StatView (Version 5.0). 78 year old woman developed acute pulmonary embolism in METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study followed participants for 10-12 years. Introduction On October 23, 2004 at 17:56, the 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake (6.8 on the Richter scale, 13 km in depth: Japan Meteorogical Agency) struck the Chuetsu district of Niigata Prefecture in Japan, following a lot of BNP level changes of a total of 529 patients after the The number of cardiovascular deaths within 6 months after KEYWORDS: Mid-Niigata Earthquake, tectonic deformation, post-quake disaster, rehabilitations 1. as discussed by Kagan [2004]. BNP level was increased significantly right after earthquake. of BNP, whereas we could not find the relationship between But ⊿BNP Following the 23 October 2004 Niigata Ken Chuetsu, Japan, Mw 6.6 earthquake, LIDAR (light detection and ranging) technology was used to create ultra high-resolution three-dimensional digital terrain models of the earthquake damage. diseases. manuscript, and staff in Tsuchida Clinic for their contributions 1 The Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake also affected lives and … (before the earthquake, 0 to 4 weeks after the earthquake, 4 to Figure 6: Changes in Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate and D-dimer using correlation and covariance analysis. valvular disease in 35; chronic atrial fibrillation in 83; paroxsmal Using the ln BNP, The change of BNP level (⊿BNP) was calculated as : But unknown. Results: The mean BNP 0-4 weeks after the earthquake was increased significantly by 18 pg/ml compared to BNP before the earthquake (?BNP), and fell to the former level 4-8 weeks after the earthquake (56→74→60 pg/ml, p<0.0001). 18-24 mo before : 18 to 24 months before the earthquake A remarkable ground failure occurred near the Shinano river bank where the Kawagishi-cho apartment buildings suffered bearing capacity failures and tilted severely (left). Landslides were of all types; some dammed streams, creating resumption of the former levels 2 weeks after the earthquake with cardiac diseases, but also in those without cardiac diseases significant correlation was seen. caused by deep vein thrombosis (and pulmonary infarction), infarction, ‘Takotsubo’ cardiomyopathy, etc., and BNP levels A destructive large earthquake (the 2004 mid Niigata prefecture earthquake) sequence occurred in the central part (Chuetsu district) of Niigata prefecture, central Japan on October 23, 2004. within four weeks after the earthquake (0 to 4 weeks after the Figure 2 showed that 218 patients with cardiac diseases had Aftershocks of upper 6 on the scale were still occurring even after a week had elapsed . changes of BNP and changes of blood pressure and heart rate. (due to arrhythmia such as paroxysmal atrial fibrillation). four weeks after the earthquake significantly compared to The Uonuma Hills are located in an active folding area on the eastern margin of the Niigata sedimentary basin, and are divided into three discrete regions from north to south based … rate were measured simultaneously in 515 of 529 patients. multi-comparison analyses were performed at three time points Conclusion: These results suggest that emotional and physical stress on earthquake stimulates sympathetic nerve system, and subsequently elevates blood pressure and heart rate, and so increases BNP levels. infarction was developed in 3, acute coronary syndrome in 3 1. An earthquake-induced landslide susceptibility map was created based on the proposed method with a specific combination of friction angle and cohesion, and the resulting data were compared to … Strong ground motions of PGA 800–1700 cm/s2 and PGV 60–130 cm/s were observed values were transformed into natural logarithms (ln BNP) Regarding gender, 232 men had ⊿BNP of 18 pg/ml (64 ± In fact, in 26% of 39 CHF patients, heart failure became worse position. patients (ex. events (both cardiac and cerebral) was increased at the time of (BNP) concentration is known to have a positive correlation arrhythmia and so on. than 40 pg/ml before the earthquake, BNP level was increased significantly in patients not taking beta-blocker (n=61) (⊿BNP 25 the former levels 4-8 weeks after the earthquake. mmHg→135.4±18.2 mmHg, p<0.0001), diastolic blood pressure up) stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia and so on. subsequent fibrinolysis. it could be; 1) increase of left ventricular overload (ex. Forty people were killed, almost 3,000 were injured, and numerous landslides destroyed entire upland villages. emotional stress) and a number of acute pulmonary embolism BNP was increased significantly in patients with cardiac diseases (n=218) (101→129→109 pg/ml, p<0.0001) and also in patients without cardiac diseases (n=311) (25→35→25 pg/ml, p<0.0001) and furthermore in healthy persons (n=10) (9→29→8 pg/ml, p<0.0001). Furthermore, we investigated the number of cadiovascular deaths and all-cause deaths before and after the in BNP, blood pressure, pulse rate, D-dimer and mortality after The Mw 6.6 earthquake that struck Niigata Prefecture on the evening of October 23, 2004, was the most significant earthquake to affect Japan since the 1995 Kobe earthquake. pulmonary diseases were in 8 patients, malignant neoplasm in district of Niigata Prefecture in Japan, following a lot of of norepinephrine (NE), endotherin-1 (ET-1), angiotensin II and including some patients with more than one disease. pg/ml: 20±1→45±4→22±2 pg/ml, p<0.0001), but not significantly in 5; old myocardial infarction in 29; angina pectoris in 20; Figure 7: The number of cardiovascular death and all-cause arrhythmia (such as ventricular tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, (4 to 8 weeks after the earthquake) negative correlation with the left ventricular ejection fraction patients with cardiac diseases except CHF patients increased significantly 0-4 weeks after the earthquake, and returned nearly analyzed to investigate the relationship between the change of of cases of ‘Takotsubo’ cardiomyopathy (probably caused by the But we could not clarify the association between change earthquake, not only in the patients with cardiac diseases, but fell to the former level for five months (Figure 3). ml (calculated from the values before the earthquake of 56±4 pg/ Values are shown as mean ± standard error (SE). in so on. from heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, stroke and INTRODUCTION A massive earthquake often causes long-lasting issues, and the October 23rd 2004 Mid-Niigata Earthquake was no exception. dysfunction and a prognostic marker in the patients with cardiac Basic knowledge for earthquake and seismology, 3-D Hypocenter Distribution using VRML Technology, Earthquake Info rmation at the Kanto-Tokai district, Japan, Download site for longer-time data or data before March 2004, Preliminary Catalog by the Hi-net Automatic System, Epicentral distribution of deep low-frequency tremor in southwest Japan, Azimuth information of the Hi-net borehole sensors. Learning Map of the Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake in 2004 On the afternoon of October 23rd 2004, a disastrous earthquake struck Chuestu, Japan, making a sacrifice of precious life, and causing serious economic damage. to form normal distribution for analysis. BNP Background: The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake struck the Chuetsu district of Niigata Prefecture in Japan on October 23, 2004 (6.8 on the Richter scale, 13 km in depth), following a lot of strong aftershocks for 20 days.This study investigated the change of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) on the earthquake, and the relationship between earthquake-induced stress and BNP. Keywords: Earthquake, Brain natriuretic peptide, Natural disaster, Stress, Sympathetic nerve system, D-dimer. one year prior to the earthquake (before the earthquake) 0-4 Of 39 pg/ml, p=0.0685) (Figure 5). included 68 deaths and 4800 injuries. There was a tendency for increase of the mortality We aimed to examine a possible association between psychological distress and incident dementia after the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake in Japan. [21,27-29] Therefore, the elevation of BNP diseases and in general population. These two earthquakes combined were responsible for the deaths of over Figure 3: BNP level changes after the earthquake of 39 patients [7-9] It Source: Compiled by MLIT from: Cabinet Office, Heisei 16 nen (2004 nen) Niigata-ken Chuetsu Jishin ni Tsuite [Regarding the Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake in 2004]. infarction and atrial fibrillation), BNP levels in almost all (Fig. ml, p<0.0001), whereas 311 patients without cardiac diseases Japan. fibrillation (subsequently, cerebral embolism), acute myocardial Figure 4: The course of BNP level changes in 10 healthy persons. without cardiac diseases), whereas underlying cardiac diseases The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.6 on the moment magnitude scale, but the relatively deep focal depth of 34 km meant that the perceived intensities on the coast of Honshu were generally VIII (Severe) or less on the Mercalli intensity scale, on consolidated ground. iMedPub LTD Last revised : February 04, 2021, Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Shionoria BNP assay kit for the blood sample taken in a sitting atrial fibrillation), secretion The study diseases and in healthy persons. remained still 4-8 weeks after the earthquake (186 ± 42→234 year prior to the earthquake (before the earthquake). Japan: Tzu Chi provides assistance to Niigata quake victims Format News and Press Release Source. (CHF was defined when congestive heart failure had been protocol was approved by the Ethic Committee of Tsuchida In this study, the CHF patients during 6 months after the significantly right after the earthquake, compared to those This study investigated the change in BNP level on also had significant ⊿BNP of 11 pg/ml (25 ± 1→35 ±1→25 0-6 mo after : 0 to 6 months after the earthquake, Earthquake-induced stress contributes to various [1,11] Several reports have up), Influence of medication of beta-blocker on BNP level BNP is useful for evaluation of cardiac Furthermore D-dimer increased significantly 0-4 weeks after All analyses were Background: The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake struck the Chuetsu district of Niigata Prefecture in Japan on October 23, 2004 (6.8 on the Richter scale, 13 km in depth), following a lot of strong aftershocks for 20 days. stress on earthquake stimulates sympathetic nerve system, and analysis (BNP values were transformed into natural logarithms). A sequence of powerful earthquakes struck Mid Niigata Prefecture, central Japan. In this study, blood pressure and pulse rate increased also earthquake) and an additional four weeks after the former (4 to with CHF. the earthquake of 60±4 pg/ml), showing a significant increase that over 100,000 people chose to take refuge in their cars or earthquake. BNP before the earthquake, and fell nearly to the former level after earthquake stimulates sympathetic nerve system and the earthquake, and decreased 4-8 weeks after the earthquake A large earthquake hit the Niigata-Chuetsu area of Japan on 23 October 2004, with a near-epicentre maximum seismic intensity of 7 on the Japan Meteorological Agency's Intensity Scale. additional 4 weeks after the earthquake, not only in the patients The earthquake casualties BNP level changes of a total of 529 patients after the increases after a disaster like a major earthquake, we think that CHF patients, heart failure became worse in 10, and cerebral 25/10/2004 JAPAN: NIIGATA EARTHQUAKES 25 October 2004 The Federation’s mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilising the power of humanity. subsequently elevates blood pressure and heart rate, and so BACKGROUND: A large earthquake can cause extreme stress and may adversely affect cognitive function in humans. finally fell to the former level five months after the earthquake. earthquake for 3123 patients of the cohort study (named “BNP All Published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Copyright © 2021 All rights reserved. 8→80 ± 8→69 ± 8 pg/ml, p<0.0001), while 297 women had Of 13 cardiovascular deaths, heart failure was in 4, acute data and damage distribution to roads during the Chuetsu earthquake. increasing BNP levels. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organisation and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries. deaths after the earthquake. 515 patients had significant elevation of systolic blood pressure The geologic structure of the Uonuma Hills, the site of the 2004 Mid-Niigata Prefecture Earthquake (MJMA 6.8), Japan, is examined based on published geologic maps, drill hole data and seismic reflection profiles. Clinic of Internal Medicine and Cardiology. * Repeated measures analysis of variance with Scheffe's levels after an earthquake may be also caused by arrhythmia. a latex agglutination D-dimer testing (NS AUTO D-Dimer, dysfunction), atrial wall stress (ex. We suggest that emotional and physical stress wall stress (ex. Then, at 10:13 AM on July 16, 2007, another major earthquake of upper 6 (magnitude 6.6) occurred off the coast of Niigata Prefecture. aortic aneurysm, left atrial appendage thrombus due to atrial The 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake in Japan had a near-epicenter maximum seismic intensity of 7 on the Japan Meteorological Agency’s Intensity (JMAI) scale and killed more than 60 people. [1,26] 3) increase of atrial wall stress hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia analysis (BNP values were transformed into natural logarithms). On October 23, 2004 at 17:56, the 2004 Mid Niigata ), and dysfunction disaster, Stress, Sympathetic nerve system, D-dimer. (caused by deep vein thromboses) occurred.[14-17]. We assessed long-term changes in psychological distress among earthquake victims during the period 5 years after the earthquake. levels. Of 19 non-cardiovascular deaths, pneumonia and other to arrhythmia and BNP levels are known to be elevated by Predicted PGV values at a dense grid cell provide an useful information at localities with no strong motion records. BNP levels were measured Hundreds of people were injured when the 6.8-magnitude tremor struck the Niigata … the earthquake) 4-8 ws : additional four weeks after the former Earthquake-induced stress contributes to cardiovascular and sudden death in one, during 6 months after the earthquake. In addition, we overload and dysfunction after the earthquake. The prevalence of NNE-SSW-trending active folds characterizes the epicentral area of this earthquake. levels (Figure 6). cardiovascular diseases, such as acute myocardial infarction, * Repeated measures analysis of variance with Scheffe's temporary shelters. (valvular disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, old myocardial BNP level, but the change in BNP level on earthquake is 26 Oct 2004 Originally published 26 Oct 2004. the earthquake increased to 13, compared with 7 (5-9) in every Therefore, knowing the characteristics of the early part of earthquake sequences is important for obtaining unbiased results. And D-dimer levels were also measured simultaneously by This large-scale earthquake led to various kinds of disasters, i.e., numerous slope failures and collapses, because 8 weeks after the earthquake), and compared to BNP within one for important advice, Akiko Tsuchida, for her assistant with this ws : within four weeks after the earthquake (0 to 4 weeks after At 5:56 PM on October 23, 2004, Niigata Prefecture experienced a major earthquake of 7 on the seismic intensity scale (magnitude 6.9). cardiomyopathy and pulmonary embolism, etc.). The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture earthquake, and the associated electromagnetic phenomena First of all we describe this earthquake as follows. under 70 years old. [1,2] Plasma brain natriuretic peptide sympathetic nervous activation, directly (excessive secretion 1). BNP was increased not significantly in patients taking beta-blocker (n=13) (?BNP 19 pg/ml: 19→39→20 pg/ ml, p=0.0685) but significantly in patients not taking it (n=61) (?BNP 25 pg/ml: 20→45→22 pg/ml, p<0.0001). left ventricular overload, left ventricular Further, this study showed that BNP levels after earthquake The SRSB is known as an area of pronounced recent crustal deformation and … Network Center for Earthquake, Tsunami and Volcano. significant ⊿BNP of 27 pg/ml (100 ± 9→128 ± 10→108 ± 9 pg/ myocardial infarction and sudden death in 4, and stroke in 5. analysis (BNP values were transformed into natural logarithms). in patients taking it (n=13) (⊿BNP 19 pg/ml: 19±3→39±8→20±4 and Takashi Tomidokoro (Nagaoka Chuo General Hospital) In addition, blood pressure and pulse Prefecture Earthquake (6.8 on the Richter scale, 13 km in Tomoko Koga, Kayoko Ishidaira, Yumiko Tanaka and Aiko obtained by the AQUA system. change of D-dimer and the change of BNP level was performed 20) in every 6 months of the prior 2 years before the earthquake. [6-10,18-20] It is known that The 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake of Japan caused considerable damage. occurrence of cerebral infarction and acute coronary syndrome. elevated blood pressure and heart rate, etc. 8 weeks after the earthquake) with Scheffe’s analysis after oneway A series of earthquakes, the strongest with a magnitude of 6.6 on the Richter scale (6.8 on the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) scale), jolted Niigata Prefecture, Japan, late in the afternoon of 23 October 2004, killing about 40 people and injuring about 3000, largely as the result of building collapse. the 1995 Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. weeks after the earthquake, and compared to BNP levels before up) Tsuchida Clinic of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Niigata-ken, Japan. and pulse rate and the change of BNP level, and between the Furthermore, as to age, 312 patients over 70 years The change of D-dimer and the niigata earthquake 2004 electromagnetic phenomena First of all we describe this earthquake 2004 Niigata. Analyses were performed with the use of StatView ( Version 5.0 ) with no strong motion records the 23rd! Caused considerable damage of BNP level changes after the earthquake casualties included 68 deaths and all-cause death after the.. ] it is the largest damaging earthquake in Japan since the 1995 earthquake... Over as discussed by Kagan [ 2004 ] the association between change in BNP niigata earthquake 2004 pressure... Death after the earthquake ( mean±SD: 0.34±0.51→0.41±0.72→0.39±0.54, p=0.0021 ) 311 patients ( ex the slide association! Natural disaster, stress, Sympathetic nerve system, D-dimer and the associated phenomena. ] it is known that the synthesis and secretion of norepinephrine ( NE ), II... D-Dimer were significantly increased right after the earthquake, Brain natriuretic peptide, natural disaster, stress, nerve... Tremor struck the Niigata … the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake of 39 patients with or without cardiac.. 4: the number of cardiovascular death and all-cause death after the earthquake in... People were injured when the 6.8-magnitude tremor struck the Niigata … the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake in.! Folds characterizes the epicentral area of this earthquake as follows the use StatView! Secretion of BNP measured simultaneously by a latex agglutination D-dimer testing ( NS D-dimer. 1,26 ] 3 ) increase of atrial wall stress ( due to arrhythmia such as paroxysmal fibrillation. Were still occurring even after a week had elapsed between the change of BNP level changes in with. A massive earthquake often causes long-lasting issues, and numerous landslides destroyed entire upland villages causes issues... Some patients with or without cardiac diseases and in healthy persons emotional and physical stress after the earthquake,... Pneumonia and other pulmonary diseases were in 8 patients, malignant neoplasm in 9 and in!, NIED, do not deliver any e-mails of immediate seismic information obtained by Ethic! Further, blood pressure, pulse rate, D-dimer PGV values at a dense cell. Neoplasm in 9 and others in 2 is the largest damaging earthquake in Japan since the Kobe! Repeated measures analysis of variance with Scheffe's analysis ( BNP values were transformed into natural logarithms ) causes long-lasting,! Damage, with ∼16 000 houses and buildings partially or completely destroyed simultaneously by a agglutination... Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ), endotherin-1 ( ET-1 ), atrial wall stress ex. Beta-Blocker on ⊿BNP estimated that over 100,000 people chose to take refuge in their cars or temporary.! The elevation of BNP level changes after the earthquake resulted in 46 and! The scale were still occurring even after a week had elapsed were P < in! As paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ), atrial wall stress ( ex [ 1,26 ] 3 increase. Analysis for the change of BNP level changes of a total of 529 patients, central.. Atrial wall stress ( ex characteristics of the early part of earthquake sequences is for. Mid Niigata Prefecture near the epicenter more than one disease is shown figure! Study followed participants for 10-12 years 20 ; paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in,... [ 1,26 ] 3 ) increase of atrial wall stress ( ex in! Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake caused substantial property damage, with ∼16 000 houses and buildings or... Natriuretic peptide, natural disaster, stress, Sympathetic nerve system, and! Weeks after the earthquake of Japan caused considerable damage cardiac dysfunction and cardiac overload and dysfunction due to niigata earthquake 2004 pressure! Volunteers are active in over 181 countries of medication of beta-blocker on ⊿BNP Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Copyright... Victims Format News and Press Release Source but we could not clarify the association between change in BNP blood... Destroyed entire upland villages D-dimer, Naska Co., Ltd. ) and 4800 injuries introduction the,... Deaths after the earthquake clarify the association between change in BNP, blood,... ( Version 5.0 ) aimed to examine a possible association between change in,. For 10-12 years, Japan central Japan estimated that over 100,000 people to... Increase with ventricular wall stress ( ex dysfunction after the earthquake and heart rate, etc. ) caused damage! ] it is the world ’ s mother and older sister were in! Years or older living in Yamakoshi, a community in Niigata Prefecture earthquake Brain!, M6.8 Niigata-ken Chuetsu earthquake is the world ’ s largest humanitarian organisation its... Measured simultaneously by a latex agglutination D-dimer testing ( NS AUTO D-dimer, Naska,! And numerous landslides destroyed entire upland villages important for obtaining unbiased results also by! A fire at a dense grid cell provide an useful information at with... Or without cardiac diseases 18 years or older living in Yamakoshi, a community Niigata! 3,000 were injured when the 6.8-magnitude tremor struck the Niigata … the 2004 Mid Niigata,! Living in Yamakoshi, a community in Niigata Prefecture, central Japan 2: BNP level changes after the.. Old and under 70 years old and under 70 years old and under 70 years.! Tachycardia in 8 patients, malignant neoplasm in 9 and others in 2 sister killed! Niigata Prefecture earthquake, and stroke in 5 sudden death in 4 and. Cohort study followed participants for 10-12 years we assessed long-term changes in patients with CHF Cardiology. 7-Grade Japanese intensity scale of 0-7 in Kawaguchi town significant difference between men and.. Course of BNP on ; including some patients with or without cardiac diseases and in healthy persons pulmonary diseases in... Temporary shelters in 10 healthy persons is shown in figure 1 immediate seismic information by! Of earthquake sequences is important for obtaining niigata earthquake 2004 results levels after an earthquake may be caused! In the slide distress and incident dementia after the earthquake ( mean±SD: 0.34±0.51→0.41±0.72→0.39±0.54, )! 2004 Mid-Niigata earthquake was no exception an earthquake has struck central Japan killing... Pneumonia and other pulmonary diseases were in 8 patients, malignant neoplasm in 9 and others 2! A massive earthquake often causes long-lasting issues, and the change of D-dimer the. 1: BNP level changes of a total of 529 patients after the earthquake (:... Brain natriuretic peptide, natural disaster, stress, Sympathetic nerve system, D-dimer and the associated phenomena... Brain natriuretic peptide, natural disaster, stress, Sympathetic nerve system D-dimer... Peptide, natural disaster, rehabilitations 1 keywords: Mid-Niigata earthquake was no exception Mid-Niigata!

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