For example, the disease malaria is endemic to tropical areas of the world, such as those in South America or Africa. The young are more likely to express pathogenic responses, whilst the older hosts will carry the disease asymptomatically, or with reduced damage, due to adaptive immunity. Hepatitis B Virus Endemic. Worldwide, countries are facing various public health problems but at unequal intensity. For example, chickenpox is considered endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue fever and transmit it from person to person. Low and middle-income countries are more suffering from high burden of disease than developed countries (Lopez et al., 2006). Malaria, per the CDC, is another example of an endemic disease in certain areas. The amount of a particular disease that is usually present in a community is referred to as the baseline or endemic level of the disease. Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. Malaria, however, is not endemic to Antarctica since it's not present there. with mosquito as its primary host and carrier. Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. of cases of an infectious disease above what is normally expected in a given population in a specific area. But in 2019 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii, where the disease is not endemic. A disease is holoendemic when essentially every individual in a population is infected. Keywords: control of endemic diseases, locally endemic diseases. Dengue fever is endemic to certain regions of Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Section 11: Epidemic Disease Occurrence Level of disease. Prevention and Control of Locally Endemic Diseases. Malaria; A disease caused by a Protozoan Parasite (Plasmodium spp.) The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. It is said to originate and endemic to Africa where the environment and temperature is perfect for the disease to cultivate. ... Berry pointed to the H1N1 outbreak in 2009 as an example … Examples of Endemic Diseases. This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. A more realistic scenario is that it will be added to the (large and growing) family of infectious diseases that are what is known as “endemic” in the human population. 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